Sustainable Agriculture: Preserving Future Generations
The idea of sustainable agriculture sounds attractive and it ensures a future for the next generations.
The growing world population demands more food. By 2050, the population is expected to grow to more than 9 billion. Likewise, in the coming years, more than 2.5 million people will face climate and famine crises in Africa.
Sustainable agriculture is?
Sustainable agriculture helps present and future generations. It is a balance between the environment and profitability for the farmer. In other words, it seeks to preserve the environment and all the resources necessary for agriculture, while satisfying the basic human beings’ alimentary needs.
This model is economically viable. It reduces the costs of products such as insecticides. It is also a source of employment; by implementing not-harmful-to-the-soil machines, it generates new jobs to be filled.
Why implement this model?
The methods used in traditional cultivation are harmful to the soil, and this leads to deforestation. When looking to plant on healthy land, and many farmers must cut down trees. Agriculture is responsible for 80% of tropical deforestation.
Currently, in Africa, 1 in 5 people suffer from hunger. It must, therefore, modernize its food systems to reduce deaths from famine and the spread of disease.
Key elements and benefits of sustainable agriculture.
Sustainable agriculture seeks to preserve the soil by implementing machinery and is not harmful to it. And it seeks to eliminate the use of fertilizers that pollute the air and use organic compost.
Traditional agriculture uses large amounts of water. And this used water is converted into wastewater, becoming pollutants in rivers. There is a current crisis of water scarcity that increases over time. The drip irrigation system would be the solution to this problem.
It seeks to reduce the felling and to encourage agroforestry, which consists of planting trees near the crops. This counteracts the felling of trees and improves the health of the soil.
To define this system as sustainable, it is necessary for a business to be profitable for farmers. With the profits from this model, they can easily meet their basic needs and those of their family.
Almost half of the workers in traditional agriculture are women. Women have not received the same opportunities as men. Sustainable agriculture proposes a model of equality in which both men and women have the same rights and opportunities.
It is essential if future generations are to be preserved. At the current rate of population growth. It is necessary to implement measures to curb climatic phenomena, scarcity of food resources, and deaths from famine. Sustainable agriculture for future generations. The future will be full of shortages, climate crises, overpopulation, and famine.
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